First of all please let me say this:
a. If you liked what I wrote, give a like and good comment. TQ
b. If you do not like what I wrote, its ok by me. No issue.

In Chinese metaphysics, there is a phrase called, “Tian Di Ren San Cai” (天地人三才).

There are many different explanations or interpretations of this phrase coming from the different branches of Chinese Metaphysics. Here I shall talk only in the context of Fengshui.

Before I go further, let me make a few quotes from ancient wise-men.

First, a quote from ShuoGua Zhuan of the Yijing:

Section 2


When the ancient sages composed the ‘Yi’, by it comply with the principles of life and fate. With this principle establishing Heaven’s way to describe Yin and Yang; Establishing Earth’s path to obtain the supple and the robust; establishing the way of Man to describe benevolence and righteousness. Simultaneously combining these three qualities and double it, thus ‘Yi’ six lines becomes a hexagram. Discerning between Yin and Yang, alternating the use of robust and supple, thus ‘Yi’ six lines formed a chapter.

Secondly, may I quote from MengZi, a philosopher, military strategist, YiJing scholar who wrote about this to describe a military essential……
孟子 (公孙丑下): 天时不如地利,地利不如人和。
Even if you get the right timing and right season, it does not compare to getting the right landform.
Even if you get the right landform, it does not compare to getting the people’s heart and mind.

What MengZi is pointing out is actually telling the reader that three factors coming together is the only way to get things done successfully.

Lastly, a quote from SunZi, the military strategist.
(孫臏兵法) : 天時,地利,人和,三者不得,雖勝有殃
Time, space and people, if we cannot get all three, even if victorious, it could still become unfortunate.

MengZi and SunZi, both military strategists, when they made this quote, had this in mind:
Tian Shi 天時as in Timing and season;
DiLi 地利 as in the landform that is beneficial to fighting a battle;
RenHe 人和 as in getting the support of the united people. (soldiers).

So, when we see this phrase coming from the military angle, we know that it still need to have the three ingredients in perfect unison to get the desired results.

Now let us go into the Tian Di Ren of Fengshui practice. Tian is Time, Di is space and Ren is people.

Tian Di Ren in Fengshui can also be explained in many different aspects. One example is, in the LuoPan, DiPan Earth Plate, each trigram governs three mountains. The mountains are Tian, Ren and Di.

In the real time practice of Fengshui, when we talk about Tian Di Ren, we must know that we are in fact using the three main ingredients to manage Qi for use by someone or by group of people.

If we do not have this three ingredients in unison and in used in harmony, then we could be like what SunZi said, “…..雖勝有殃 even if victorious, it could still become unfortunate.”

Fengshui Tian Di Ren:
The three main ingredients when doing fengshui, Tian Di Ren means;
Tian as in Time……Luck periods, seasons, climate, date and time
Di as in landform………dragons, meridians, Xue, etc……
Ren as in People……the person doing the fengshui and people being affected

So, ultimately what does this mean?
It means to use the Fengshui LiQi methods combined with the Landform (forms and features) and including the Bazi of the person (client) involved, that contains information of the favored and abhorred elements.

Bazi, in plain words, is the life fate structure of a person, and in it has crucial information of what the person needs and what the person must avoid.

The element that a person needs is called the YongShen 用神.
The element that a person fears and must avoid is the JiShen 忌神.
(Caveat: we are not going into an indepth Bazi discussion here. So I hope readers do not jump into conclusion and launch into some rhetoric that are not relevant to this discussion).

Why the need to know the Yongshen and Jishen of a person before doing his Fengshui?
The answer is very simple and logical: try to give him what he needs and try to prevent what he fears from affecting him.

You might say, Fengshui and Bazi are two different things.
Yes, they are two different subjects, but, Fengshui affects people. Even though they are different subjects within Chinese Metaphysics, together they have a common need and reliance on one most crucial and most essential thing — Qi.

Qi is something that is very difficult to explain and understand. Those who had read my lesson on Qi, would know what I am talking about.

Everything on Earth relies on Qi. This reliance on Qi makes it imperative for Fengshui people to understand that when you perform an audit and recommend remedies, you cannot run away from using Tian Di Ren and the three mandatory ingredients in your work.

Example 1:
A Fengshui master, using Flying Stars Fengshui to do fengshui for a client.
The Fengshui master did not see the clients bazi and did not know the person does not like to have Fire qi come into his life in any way.
Assuming it is period 7. The fengshui master chose a south facing house N3N3/S2S3, for him, even recommended the main door to be in the center façade with stars 7, 7 and 2.
All these are Fire stars and are the client’s most feared element…..do you suppose the client can live comfortably in that house?

Example 2:
Given fact 1: Owners A and B are very good and successful business people who had made money elsewhere. So, assuming business prowess is their forte, managing a business successfully is a done deal.
Given fact 2: one shop called shop X, same Fengshui, no changes done.

Owner A after losing money in a shop X, sold this shop to owner B. After sometime, owner B started making money comfortably.
Does this mean the Fengshui of shop X is not suitable to Bazi of owner A and is more suitable to Bazi of owner B?
Or is it something else?